Energy and Climate Change

As a low-lying and densely populated island city-state, Singapore is acutely aware of its vulnerabilities to climate change, such as rising sea levels, more intense rain storms and longer dry spells. While Singapore’s size and dense urban landscape present challenges, its experience and lessons in research, development and deployment of low-carbon technologies, and its urban resilience plans can be shared with other cities facing similar challenges.

Research conducted under this track has been focused on climate change mitigation efforts and implications for Singapore in response to developments in international climate negotiations. This includes analysis of the climate change negotiations that have taken place at each of the COP meetings since 2009, climate change finance, carbon pricing, emissions trading schemes, and emissions reduction and mitigation potential benchmarking.  This track works closely with ESI’s Modelling Programme.

Over-Arching Questions

  • How might countries or regions respond to the latest developments in the international climate change negotiations (COP21 in Paris)?
  • What is the progress of countries’ implementation of their 2020 pledges, and their post-2020 INDCs? How can countries improve on the implementation of their pledges/INDCs?
  • Would green financial instruments (e.g. green bonds) and carbon market approaches (e.g. emission trading, border carbon tax adjustments) help improve the economic competitiveness of Singapore?
  • What is the extent of carbon pricing development worldwide? What are the net effective carbon prices in various jurisdictions after accounting for assistance given to industries, and other non-pricing measures such as regulations?