Our People

Senior Research Fellow & Head, Publications
Dr Christopher LEN 

Research Interests
Research Highlights

Dr. Christopher Len is Senior Research Fellow and Head of Publications at ESI. He joined the Energy Studies Institute in December 2012 after obtaining his PhD from the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP) at the University of Dundee in Scotland. For his thesis on China’s evolving approaches to territorial island and energy disputes in the East and South China Seas, he was awarded the Dean's Medal for Research, by the Graduate School of Natural Resources Law, Policy and Management at the University of Dundee. He also has degrees from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland and Uppsala University, Sweden.

He is also an Associate Fellow at the ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute in Singapore. He was previously a Research Fellow at the Stockholm-based Institute for Security and Development Policy (ISDP) where he was responsible for the Energy and Security in Asia Project. There, he also served as Executive Editor of the China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly journal published by the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Programme, which is a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University and ISDP. Len was also a Visiting Associate under the Energy Programme of the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) in Singapore between 2006 –2012. His research interests include Asia energy and maritime security, Chinese foreign policy, Arctic energy access and sustainable development, energy transition in Asia, and the growing political and economic linkages between the various Asian sub-regions.

Recent Editorials

Philip Andrews-Speed, Christopher Len, The Future of the US Security Umbrella for Sea Lines of Communication (SLOCs) between the Middle East and Southeast Asia, and the Future Role of China Singapore: Energy Studies Institute, Feb 2016

Christopher Len, Reed Bank : Next Flashpoint for China and the Philippines in the South China Sea?ISDP Policy Brief, No. 153, May 26 2014.

Christopher Len and Elspeth Thomson, Energy and Sustainable Cities, Summary Report of Conference, 8 March 2013.

ESI Policy Briefs

George Roe and Christopher Len, Alaska's Remote Hybrid Energy Systems: Potential for International CollaborationESI Policy Brief, No. 12, 19 February 2016

Philip Andrews-Speed, Christopher Len, China Shale Gas: Can the Pace Be Sustained?ESI Policy Brief, No. 5, 05 January 2015

Philip Andrews-Speed, Christopher Len, China Coalbed Methane: Slow Start and Still Work in ProgressESI Policy Brief, No. 4, 05 December 2014

Philip Andrews-Speed, Christopher Len, Unconventional Gas Development in Vietnam: Early Days in the Hanoi Trough, ESI Policy Brief, No. 2, 10 October 2014

Christopher Len, Indonesia Coalbed Methane: Bountiful Promise Held Up By Institutional Paralysis, ESI Policy Brief, No. 1, 1 September 2014.

Refereed journal articles

Christopher Len, China's 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Energy Security and SLOC Access, Maritime Affairs, Vol 11, Issue 1 (2015): 1-18

Philip Andrews-Speed and Christopher Len, The Legal and Commercial Determinants of Unconventional Gas Production in East AsiaJournal of World Energy Law & Business, Vol. 7, Issue 5 (2014): 408-422.

Philip Andrews-Speed and Christopher Len, Unconventional Gas in East Asia (Special Issue)Journal of World Energy Law & Business, Vol. 7, Issue 5 (2014): 407.

Christopher Len, [BOOK REVIEW] Southeast Asia Energy Transitions: Between Modernity and Sustainability. By Mattijs Smits. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2015. Hardcover: 221pp, Contemporary Southeast Asia 38, 1 (2016): 171-73.

Books and Book Chapters

Christopher Len, “East Asia’s Energy Challenges: General Energy Cooperation and the Question of Competition,” in Mark Hong and Amy Lugg, eds. Asia’s Energy Trends and Developments, Volume 2, ISEAS Energy Series (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 2013). pp 67-89


Christopher Len and Victor Nian, Nuclear versus Natural Gas: An Assessment on the Drivers Influencing Japan's Energy Future, International Conference on Applied Energy, Energy Procedia, 61(2014): 194-197.
Email: esiclhl@nus.edu.sg
Phone: (+65) 6516-1461
Fax: (+65) 6775-1831